Beet cultivation

All that mass is known about the beets in terms of their important nutritional value, under which we keep in force in the orchards and supermarkets. In recognition of his merits, he usually included on the salad bar stocked.
The most creative practitioners of a mixed naturist occasional delicious and refreshing drink your juice and eat the tender green leaves of the first crops or thinning of tortillas, which are added finely chopped, raw or cooked.
The Russians, however, make exquisite food with the beets, while the Italians and Spanish make her pickles in vinegar. Should provide new and different recipes from international cuisine to enrich our diet with this and other vegetables, which are revealed as an antidote against evil of modern times: cancer.
Meanwhile, let's review the procedure of our growing beets for more appealing, tender and tasty.

Requirements of the beetroot

The beets, Beta vulgaris var known scientifically. hortensis L., Chenopodiaceae family, prefer a cool and somewhat humid, but if the temperature remains between 5 and 10 degrees C for two or more weeks, it may cast their stem plants flower prematurely, impairing the quality of its edible root.
On soil, this species occurs relatively rustic better in those with neutral pH and slightly loose, which offer resistance to its expansion. Under such conditions are better shaped, smoother and softer than the heavy substrates. To pay the plant, manure must be applied in the preceding crop.
Boron deficiency is detected when viewed internal brown spots, which is accentuated even take black. If they reach the epidermis, waxy form a ring around the root near the soil surface, regardless of the leaves show abnormalities. This lack is one of the factors that determine the presence of red leaves instead of natural green. If the absence of boron is complete, the leaves twist, curl and die. In these cases you need to select varieties
less sensitive to this problem. When what we need is copper, the color varies from the pulp and the roots are almost no red meat. Their rings are much stronger than normal.

Sowing of beet sugar

For practical reasons, quality and productivity, we recommend direct seeding system, which are obtained beets more abundant, smooth, with fine, tiny rootlets.
Place seeds on a table in lines 75cm wide with 30cm of separation from other moldings. Sow a row full, cover with 2 to 3cm of soil. Use little seed and thin when the seedlings reach 5cm in height, leaving them 7 0 10cm between them. When the surface are not very thick, you can simply pick out the roots that reach an acceptable size for consumption. Irrigation is done through infiltration and not directly.
The Broadcast seeding is done in moldings of 1.5 to 2 meters wide, spreading the seed and covering with a nail drag pass light. There are irrigation lines, with little water, "covered" short lateral. This method is advised in the home garden.
If you get the seeds of its own garden, you will see that the flowers of this vegetable, like kale, spherical fruiting rough surface, inside which there are two to six seeds. One gram of which contains 60 units of high longevity and germination.
The formation of the seed may require a further thinning to separate plant groups arising from two or more units, but you can save this job monogerm using seed that is sold in specialized distributors.

Care of the beetroot

The cultivation of this plant growing season is short, so that if the soil has been properly prepared and timely, it is sufficient to make a single desmalezadura.Successive collections play an important role thinning, leaving more room for the remaining roots.
As for irrigation, when done in time allows a fair degree of moisture, ensuring uniform development of the plant and a better texture of the roots.

Pests and diseases

In general, the beets are produced in good sanitary conditions in the country except the attack of insects, the same that affect the chard. The most common is the leaf miner, whose galleries deteriorate the leaves.
Nor suffers many diseases, but in case of the main leaf spot often and viruses.The first is caused by the fungus Cercospora beticola in the presence of high humidity and average temperatures of 24-27 degrees C, and causing brown stains from red-rimmed purple to dark brown in the leaves. In this case it is recommended to bury the remains of the harvest and rotate crops for three years or more.
The virus is caused, among others, by the mosaic virus and is recognized by the leaf mottle, whitening of veins, circular lesions ringed and general stunting with leaf petioles shorter than normal.


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