Some people are looking forward to the flowers of the pomegranate leaf removal, to produce the fruit with its cramped and juicy garnet grains.Perhaps because it is one of the most sugary, even more than the apricots and peaches, children love them. The so called Granada is the result of a mixture of equal parts pomegranate juice with sugar and a small amount of lemon juice, boil gently for three minutes and then packaged.Allows you to combine with spirits or with desserts, as well as prepare her jellies and wine. The pomegranate tree is a very long lifespan.It is believed she can live over 200 years and their origin is associated with the most ancient civilizations, possibly arising from Iran (Persia) and its surroundings.It has been cultivated for thousands of years in Asia Minor and Greece, from hundreds of years before Christ, before the appearance of the almond, peach and apricot. By their very nature, is very popular in the arid and warm, just where there is the best kind.Spain has grown so enthusiastically, that Grenada is named after the excellent quality of this fruit that is produced there.Of these courses was brought by Spanish missionaries to Mexico, from where it was introduced to California.
The pomegranate tree and shrub
Depending on the variety and management, the pomegranate is a shrub or tree of 4-6 meters.In coastal areas partially loses its leaves in winter, while in the arid interior valleys and presents outdated.Their flowers are showy, bright red, solitary or in small clusters, which are formed on a short wooden dart developed over two or three years of age.A large percentage of them are sterile and fail to form fruit, especially in ornamental varieties. The fruit is known botanically as balausta and has partitions inside carpels, forming a white membrane to enclose many seeds.The edible portion is a transparent fleshy envelope, similar to a grain of corn, which encases a hard seed.The skin or rind of the fruit is very bitter and astringent, as it is rich in tannins, widely used in the pharmaceutical industry. In the hot valleys produces two to three blooms of the season and how many other fruits in the spring.The first shells are larger and pigmentation, while those for late blooms are not enough to achieve good color.
Requirements for cultivation
The species can be grown in different climates, but for quality fruit is needed and hot dry summers in which ripen properly.Also, develops in a manner acceptable in areas near the sea, as well as at a height of 900-1200 meters. Like the persimmon, its requirements are low chill hours, but can support up to 9-12 degrees below zero and no limits to high temperatures.It is very sensitive to late frosts of autumn, before the plant enters its dormant state, and also the late spring, as the great flowering in October.In humid climates, the fruit is very inferior quality and, by contrast, is able to endure long periods of drought and recovered to produce abundant fruit to be watered again. In soil, is better suited than any other fruit to a wide variety of them, and it thrives in both sandy and the clay.Although production from falling, even tolerates those alkaline and poorly drained, but prefers slightly heavy, not too alkaline, well drained.
Playing pomegranate seeds
It reproduces by seed or cuttings is multiplied by old wood or new and Mugron.The seeds germinate easily and do not require a rest period, although this would give rise to plants of great variability and do not guarantee a good result. The system of old wooden stakes is the most used, because it gives better results.They should have 20 to 25 cm long and 0.6 to 1.5 cm in diameter, harvested in winter branches or suckers last year.They are planted in the nursery, in rows spaced 15-20 cm between them, burying them up to leave 5-7 cm in length on the ground stake.There are kept for one or two seasons, then transplanted into the garden with bare roots, the following winter or early spring when the ground is not too wet and can be easily worked.The growth can be expected if the cuttings are collected in autumn, to stratify in sand and transplanted in spring. Normal development of pomegranate produces many suckers from the base, and if you want a single trunk, choose the strongest or let the person who brought the nursery, eliminating the rest throughout the training period.The cut of these shoots is carried out in summer 0 during the time of dormancy. The shrub form is recommended for wall or hedge.It has the advantage that it thrives best with several trunks to frost and requires minimal care.In addition, it begins to bear fruit sooner than a single trunk.The distance of planting, especially in case of use them as edges, is 1.8 to 3 m.In this case are left to develop without pruning, so that they grow quickly and form beautiful hedges.