Citrus fruits are widely used to decorate the gardens in our homes. No one can resist the scent of orange blossoms and the beautiful view offered with their fruit on the branches. However, it is important to know that they need special care, so here's what you must do this summer to keep them healthy and strong.
For many years citrus, in addition to its high agricultural value, have been used as ornamental trees in many places. Kristian Laws, gardening and horticulture specialist, explained that these belong to the family of Rutaceae and that there are about 60 different species, many of them can be planted at home
With proper care and attention, are capable of producing citrus fruit rich for decades. For this to happen it is necessary to consider several aspects: the selection of a good species, proper planting methods and some care.
This is the advice given to us by experts consulted
1. Watch out for frost. You have to protect plants from damage caused by winter frosts. "To combat this problem you can do is to cover with some plastic citrus during the night, because at that time the temperatures begin to drop," said Laws.
2. A good watering. Make sure the irrigation that you are giving is appropriate, because thanks to this the estate may retain enough water and stay cool and hydrated for months. This is recommended two to three times a week.
3. When cutting the leaves. A proper pruning will develop a strong drink, balanced and plentiful. There are three types of pruning: training, recovery and sanitation. The first begins in a nursery, this can give the tree a balanced architecture, the recovery phase is to cut the old frame leaving only the branches that allow the growth of new foliage and sanitation involves removing all the dry and diseased this should be done after harvest and before flowering.
4. Fighting pests. In hot weather usually make their appearance several insects that do become pests. It is therefore important during spring and summer fertilization, thus preventing damage to the crops when they begin to bear fruit. "For this you can use a mixture of fertilizer with about 10% nitrogen or use any type of insecticide," said Lance Walheim, an expert in gardening and horticulture, and author ofWestern Garden Book.
5. Opt for good weather. It is advisable to plant in areas that have a subtropical climates, cerciorándote the rainy season has passed. In other climates it is best to wait until there is no danger of frost. "A good atmosphere will give citrus fruit quickly, if you live in cold areas to look out that the temperature is below 27 ° F (-2.77 ° C), in fact optimal environments for their flourishing are the hot zones and sunny, "Walheim said.
"The citrus fruits because of their characteristics can withstand a little low temperatures are the citron, thelime, lemon and grapefruit, both experts agreed
6. Dale heat. An artificial light will help produce new growth, in addition to this you can protect plants from sunburn.
7. What no longer serves. eliminates any of the fruits which are immature. This will increase the size of the other fruits and decrease the possibility of breaking some branches due to overweight
8. A hardy species. "Many citrus can suffer from pests and diseases, so it is recommended that when buying one of these, you choose those species which are resistant to diseases. In order to prevent pests are advised to remove old fruit and leaves, diseased branches and maintain clean pruning tools, "said Kristian Laws.
9. The type of plant. Consider the type of fruit you want and what you plan to do with the crop. A lemon tree, for example, can generate a large amount of fruit and production time can be so excessive that you will not know what to do with it.
"There are many advantages of growing plants such as decorate your garden with beautiful evergreen trees, in addition to those offered fruits like lemons, limes, oranges, mandarins, grapefruit and kumquats, "Lance concluded.
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