How to grow peaches in your garden

Although the peach tree is not very easy to grow, every time we enjoy fruit juice, the "ossicles" of a kuchen or bavarois, or just this rich fresh fruit, one can see that it's worth it, effort.

The peach tree is very particular: it prefers hot summers and cold winters, but without exaggerating. His chilling requirements fluctuate between 700 and 900 hours under the 7 degrees, and is a vital necessity, for when such conditions fails to produce a certain fall of buds, sprouting is uneven and the flowering season is hyperextended. Peaches should be located in sunny places where there are pockets of cold air. With respect to the ground, are not very demanding, as long as it contains enough humus.

They are planted in early spring, except in very mild climates, because the damaging cold weather in their first year. It is important to choose the right variety, both in terms of their preferences as to the adaptation of the species-specific climate where your parcel is located. This advice ask your local nursery.

In general, the distance of planting orchards of great production is six meters, but in the garden of the plot can be located up to four meters.

Peach crop requirements

Once planted, the young tree needs to be pruned, especially in the tip, and then must try to leave with three or four main branches growing together, so as to form the "skeleton of the tree." After pruning

should be done every year in early summer, to maintain its shape, eliminating outbreaks directed inwards and all those dead branches or damaged, as with any fruit tree. What to remember when pruning the peach is the fruit comes only in the woody branches last year, so if you cut too, will not produce fruit in the year or at least do so in very short supply.

Once the fruits begin to appear on the branches, it is necessary to select by thinning, leaving a 10 cm distance. The weakest are cut.

and a few weeks later, when they are the size of a walnut, is necessary to cut back some to leave at 20 cm distance. This will give you some peaches bigger and stronger.

Another important point is irrigation. The tree needs water on an ongoing basis throughout their growth, particularly at the time of fruit development.

Diseases of the peach in the garden

Prisca or nectarines peeled: smooth or bare skin and flesh is attached to fart.
Some of the diseases affecting peach are the cluck and the shot of ammunition, mainly caused by fungi in the central area. We recommend the use of copper fungicides before the buds swell. If these diseases manifest when it has broken, is necessary to use fungicides that have no toxic effect, such as ditiocarbonatos.

As for pests, they attack the San Jose scale, which affects all deciduous fruit trees, causing a general weakening of the tree. To control should be used organophosphates, such as emulsion, reinforced with mineral oil.

The green peach aphid damage to small fruit and apical shoots (from the tips of the branches) and distorts the leaves. In this case you should use organophosphate or carbamate insecticides.

On the use of these products require the advice of an expert, because the applications depend on each case of tree age, time of year and the specific disease, which can often be confusing.

But undoubtedly, the most important thing is to prevent these diseases appear in their trees, which get to keep you strong and healthy with proper fertilization, watering and maintenance of its branches.

The exquisite varieties of peaches

With the variety, peaches have different characteristics, according to which you can select the one that best suits your tastes and needs. This, together with the time ripe fruit, determines the name of the species, which may differ from one nursery to another and yet possess almost the same characteristics.

To be decided, what better than to go to a nursery you trust, which will advise the most suitable variety to your preference.

The main features are:

  • Prisco furry: hairy skin (hairy), which is easily removed from the pulp and this in turn of the fart.
  • Pavia: fart pulp attached to the skin and pulp. They are used for canning and drying.
  • Semipriscos: the flesh adheres to fart, but the skin is easily removibte pulp.
  • Prisca or not peeled nectarines: fart peeled and attached to the meat.
  • Among the varieties of canning, the best known are the Queen Elena, Fortuna and Pomona.
  • For consumption Fresh Red Haven, Red Top, Hale JH.
And a tip: do not forget that in August begins the time of fertilization of the soil of their fruit, but do not use the dose at once, divide it into three parts and apply them every thirty days.


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