Bolting on those species of which we expect to further growth of leaves and stems is one of the many accidents and diseases phenomena, regardless of the variety, often affect the plant population.
But mind, very easy to distinguish signals can tell us the origin of a decrease in the development of our plants, as there are ways to recognize their causes and, in many cases, prevention.
Actually, when I presented a worrying phenomenon for no apparent reason, we tend to attribute to the quality of the seed, to a variety inadequate or environmental problems, without an appropriate review.
While all these factors affect normal development, there are other elements that linked to them, we allow a more accurate interpretation.
Light is one of the most important variables, and stakeholders from the point of view of its duration and intensity. All our plants require a daily period of light that is most favorable. Some need long days, other short days, while a third group expressed no preference on the matter. The same applies to light intensity, closely linked to the processes of nutrition.
Regarding temperature, the alternations of cold and low for transforming carbohydrates into sugars in cucurbit species. The extreme differences between the mean daytime and mean night and the shortage or excess moisture, often determine substantial changes. The flowering and fruiting of tomato and other species depend heavily on these variables.
Some of the phenomena that are not attributable to pathogens or classified as diseases, are disorders such as bolting, prolongation of the vegetative state, distortions and growth disorders. The lettuce can bloom prematurely as a result of low temperatures.
Flowering usually occurs early effect of low temperatures, between 2 and 7 degrees Celsius. This process is known as ventilazación on the growing point of biennial plants, like onions. When the plants reach a minimum size, may be affected in this way and cause premature release of stems, but there are annual species that require cold to flower, as is the case of cauliflower, lettuce and celery.
This is harmful and irreversible phenomenon, both in annual and biannual copies when culture is done in June out of season passes in the vegetative stage under the influence of cold. The amount of damage depends on the adaptation of the variety of that circumstance.
In some species, early floral issue is also due to the occurrence of certain long days, as happens to the spinach when exposed to periods of light increases.
Artichokes if they are subjected to low temperatures for bolting, emit no heads and stay only in stems and leaves.
Many species and varieties have hereditary factors capable of expressing growth deformities and alterations to the weather conditions.
The condition of double embryo in an onion seed leads to the production of double bulbs will accentuate this phenomenon when there are alternations of moisture and drought during cultivation. The same goes for garlic, whose heads are often developed even in the false stem. This condition is derived, also in the production of floral elements fused into tomato varieties that bear fruit deformed.
Accidents in the Garden
Those of us who started in horticulture, we are likely to be guided by intuition or take recommendations often do not have a technical basis, against mishaps caused by nature and not fully controllable. We do the same to the inhibition of the development process of our plants. To amend this trend should know the effects of climatic hazards and productive.
Frost damage tissue so that paralyze or hinder the process of absorption and assimilation of nutrients and respiratory functions. If the damage is partial, some species such as maize are usually recovered by heavy applications of fertilizers, especially nitrogen, as nitrate or urea.
Some frost occur at times better known than others, allowing some preventive measures partially effective: generating thick smoke, to avoid a violent melt or circumventing the low temperatures by postponing the date of planting or seeding, until the danger has passed . Success is relative, because they are untimely frost dates and do not comply.
As the rains, when abundant, can cause serious problems after sowing seed because seedlings may fail or suffocate without exceeding the hardened soil layer that forms later. To avoid this, it is necessary to maintain good drainage and planting of preference in "tables." The grooves that separate easily allow water runoff.
Otherwise, drought well-known effects: the lack of water prevents the absorption of nutrients.
Heat strokes particularly affect tomatoes, eggplant, zucchini, cucumbers and melons, among others, the fruits will fade when they receive intense sunny. If they persist and cause a very warm, inhibit the fertilization of the flowers and fruit.
Winds cause tendedura of some species, whose plants are grown. In the case of peas, can affect flowering and lead to an environment conducive to fungal attack.In nurseries, asparagus, results in the fall and breakage of stems at the base.
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