The style of the bed should be a reflection of the design and character of the house, the physical features of the place and the tastes of the gardener. In general, the tone of the bed is set to choose formal or informal elements, these generic designations include a wide variety of styles, from straight strips of carefully delineated a formal edge to the carefree exuberance of the bed of a country house with all possible intermediate variants. Whatever the style chosen must be available and unify the colors, textures and shapes of plants, which are arranged according to principles of rhythm and balance.
A formal tone
The pitch of a formal style bed, timeless and classic, reflecting the love of order. Are straight lines or simple curves, in general, is imposed mirror symmetry, and the bed itself is oriented in a line that leads directly to a focal point, such as the front door of the house or some ornament.
One of these elements in a design classic formal garden can be a rectangular plane, usually a rectangle or you can have two identical bed on each side of a component architecture, such as the driveway or car. The evergreen plants or brick walls are often the permanent framework of formal border. The hedges are pruned with care so that they look solid and uniform throughout its length (see following pages), and the front line of the bed is reinforced with a low hedge, for example, dwarf boxwood, or a brick or curb stone.
The formal tradition stipulates that within a bed has annual plants or a single species, such as a set of roses, lilies or heather. This kind of planting highlights the unifying framework it is. However, a formal bed works the same way, although containing plants of different varieties, because its structure provides the unity of the whole: what is typical of a formal border is limited palette it uses.
In the modern adaptation of formal English bed includes a greater diversity of perennial plants compact and leafy green within a symmetrical. The plants were placed so that descend toward the front, from a high back to the middle and lower altitudes, in well-defined rows and neatly arranged.
An informal tone
The internal lines of an informal bed suggest a group of associated plants in a natural landscape, which grow with vigor in the shelter of a stone, a fence or wall. The asymmetry is strengthened carefree through the great variety of plants used-shrubs, perennials, bulbs, annuals and vines-a combination known by the appellation of mixed bed. Varieties that are placed on the front usually flowering plants, rather than the typical row of boxwood formal edge. With the flowering is obtained a mixture of colors and shapes, over time, usually more attractive than the classical set a formal border. The ornamentation, in these cases is also careless: stone, a sculpture of wood or other material that will always be a good complement to the informal border.
A particular issue
Both in the formal style and informal, a good way to define the ideas of design is the choice of a theme. You can think of a white wedding bed, in which all the flowers have different shades of white, or in a witch's edge, full of mandrake, wormwood and foxgloves, or even one that has only plants mentioned in Shakespeare's plays. In addition, the group may be restricted to a particular genus or species, such as azaleas, camellias, lilies, or roses Iilas. An orchard, or garden-oriented culinary species can have herbs, ornamental cabbages and lettuces and edible flowers. A garden for the inhabitants of the place will be wild flowers and plants that attract hummingbirds or butterflies.A fragrance garden will be focused on a celebration of perfumes.
Color can be a very interesting topic for a bed. Perhaps the most striking in this respect, is the moon garden, full of white flowers that open at night, you can enjoy the moonlight. You can also choose colors of foliage and specific flowers, a blue garden will wisteria, cornflowers, blue lobelia and sage, in a rose garden will look cleome, geraniums, cosmos, chrysanthemums, and in a garden no lack of gold and silver sagebrush "Silver Mound", silver sage, and golden yarrow and chamomile.
The characteristics of the site can also provide inspiration for topics.A bed may have as its theme shaded corner of a garden or forest green. A site with rocks can be a good space for a border of alpine plants, other potential issues related to the environment are desert conditions, the full shade and the proximity of the sea.
The pace of a bed
Although the background unifies the set from the rear position, the rhythm is the visual element that gives unity to bed at length. Within this set, as elsewhere, the pace is noticed when an element is repeated at regular intervals and provides points that catch your eye visible as it crosses the total. As in music the rhythmic repetition links together the various parts of a composition. You can create rhythm with the repetition of color, the texture of the leaves, the form of plants or a striking example.
There are several ways to create a rhythm of color. First of all, you set aside for the planting areas, each of them is considered as a unit that must have well matched groups of plants together. These units are placed contrasting plants, a role that good varieties of gray foliage or flowers that are abundant creamy white tone.
Another possibility may be a single dominant color distributed in three points or more on the surface of the bed. With careful planning, planting can be calculated so that there is a predominant color in the spring, another in early to mid-summer and a third in late summer.
As an alternative to color, to create rhythms also uses contrasting textures of the foliage or the various forms of plants. The rough leaves of the acanthus, the false spirea, the Hosta or groundsel, grouped in the foliage of medium size Alchemilla, spurge or peonies, attractive form a tapestry of texture.
Balance of color and texture
The color and texture are elements of balance in extensive beds, where the eye should describe a broad movement to encompass with together. The color balance is obtained with a careful placement of colors to create various color sets, instead of a 0 two focal points throughout the bed. For example, this is achieved with several plants in warm colors, such as the Monarda "Cambridge Scarlet" and the brilliant scarlet geraniums, some distance from each other so as not to concentrate all the hot key on one point. Also balances all around one or two plants with flowers of vivid primary colors with a mass of pale flowers of the same color, for example a group of yellow buttercups between clumps of white daisies with yellow centers.
With the color balance is achieved by creating an optical illusion in which the bed seem wider or deeper. For a narrow rim of deeper feeling, warm colors-red, orange and yellow, ie those who "advance" toward the viewer, are at the forefront, and the cold-blue, green and violet -, or colors that "retreat" in the rear.
The same principle applies to balance the textures of plants. If two or rough-textured plants large leaves should be in the same bed, separate so that they look better and to avoid creating a point of "weight" excessive. Between the two varieties have foliage is fine, which will result in the harmony sought.
Finally, the height and volume, or growth form, may be features that, properly used, to give balance to the whole bed. A plant may have a vertical or rounded, or a dense aspect or an open and loose. When planning a border, it is best to try to establish contrasts of form and height across the surface. If you have a large bush at one end, you can add another striking feature, which will be another remarkable shrub or several smaller ones, for example with a peculiar colored bark, or a sculpture at the opposite end, to balance the whole .
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